Welcome to the Colonel Frederick Hambright Chapter, NSDAR!
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The Colonel Frederick Hambright Chapter was formed on February 18, 1916, in the home of Ida Pauline Mauney Neisler in Kings Mountain, NC. In 2006, we celebrated our 90th anniversary (seen below).
Our chapter was named for Colonel (Col.) Frederick Hambright, a Revolutionary War Hero who replaced Col. William Chronicle when he was killed during the Battle of Kings Mountain. Colonels Chronicle and Hambright led the "South Fork Boys" into battle and played key roles in winning America's Independence.
Kings Mountain, North Carolina takes is name from the Kings Mountain National Military Park located eight miles south of the city. On October 7, 1780, American patriots fought and killed Major Patrick Ferguson in a battle lasting a little more than an hour. Many consider this battle to be the turning point of the Revolution. Our DAR chapter is closely associated with this battlefield and hosts the "Overmountain Men" each year on October 7th to commemorate the event.
Signers of our Chapter Charter include:
Ida Pauline Mauney Neisler (Organizing Regent)
Mary S. Porter Hay Mollie Weir Campbell
Willie Simmons Webb Lula Carpenter Herndon
Daisey Carpenter Sarah Jane Huffman
Laura Mauney Ridenhour Sarah Baker Fulton
Edith Sallie Hambright Mamie C. Hambright
Mary Gardner Hay Annie Jenkins Rankin Welch
Lula Herndon Logan Katie Cassel Provence
If you are interested in membership in the Col. Frederick Hambright Chapter, please contact us. We'll be glad to help you with your memberhsip application!
The Turning Point of the Revolutionary War
Sons of the American Revolution at Kings Mountain
The "Overmountain Men" and their Spirit of Independence won the Battle of Kings Mountain in the Fall of 1780. This battle represents a pivotal and significant victory by American Patriots over American Loyalists during the Southern Campaign of the Revolutionary War.
The battle, fought on October 7, 1780, destroyed the left wing of Cornwallis' army and effectively ended Loyalist ascendance in the Carolinas. The victory halted the British advance into North Carolina and forced Lord Cornwallis to retreat from Charlotte into South Carolina.
The Patriot army, under the command of William Campbell of Virginia, contained strong leaders from North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Kentucky, and Georgia. And, with the exception of Major Patrick Ferguson, all of the participants of the battle were Americans. Ferguson commanded over 1,000 Loyalist well trained and drilled, while the 900 rebel Patriots were under the command of a group of frontiersmen colonels.
The battle proved to be the turning point in the British Southern campaign. The American Continental army suffered successive defeats at Charleston, Waxhaws, Camden, and Sumter, South Carolina in the summer of 1780. By the fall, only the voluntary militia units remained in the field to oppose the armies of Cornwallis.
Cornwallis sent Major Patrick Ferguson into the western Carolinas to recruit and equip militia loyal to the British cause. He was to raise an army and suppress the remaining Patriot militia. Intending to intimidate the Patriots, he sent a proclamation in September 1780 to the mountain settlements, telling them to lay down their arms or "he would march his army over the mountains, hang their leaders, and lay their country waste with fire and sword.”
The result was the march of the famous Overmountain men from the Sycamore Shoals of the Watauga River across the mountains in search of Ferguson. Overcoming hunger, weather, wrangling, and intrigue, the Patriots attacked and defeated Ferguson's Loyalists at Kings Mountain.
Sir Henry Clinton called this defeat "the first link of a chain of evils" that ended in "the total loss of America." Cornwallis' retreat gave the Continental Congress time to organize a new southern army. And, in just more than a year, on October 19, 1781, Cornwallis surrendered to George Washington at Yorktown.
C.P. Russell, Supervisor of Interpretation in Washington writes regarding the Battle of Kings Mountain, “Probably no other battle in the Revolution was so picturesque or so furiously fought as that at Kings Mountain. The very mountain thundered. Not a regular soldier was in the American ranks. Every man there was actuated by a spirit of democracy. They fought under leaders of their own choosing for the right to live in a land governed by men of their own choice.” (From The Regional Review, National Park Service, Region One, Richmond, Va., Vol. V, No. 1, July 1940, pp. 15-21.)
Historians have never given the Overmountain Men the respect they deserve, because those fighting were part of voluntary militia units and not part of the regular Continental Army. As a case in point, the State of North Carolina did not give pensions to men who fought in Militia Units. Pensions were only given to men who volunteered for the Continental Army. Luckily for us, these men based their decision to fight on independence and not a pension.
Indeed, these Overmountain Men were able to manage what the entire Continental Army in the Southern Campaign had been unable to do. The Spirit of Independence was strong in these men and they were not about to lay down their arms and surrender to the British. These Overmountain Men were considered barbaric and labeled “Backwater Men” by Cornwallis. It was these extraordinary men who mustered the strength to defeat Major Patrick Ferguson and turn the tide of the British in the Southern Campaign and, indeed, the Revolutionary War itself.
When speaking of the Battle of Kings Mountain, Thomas Jefferson wrote, “I remember well the deep and grateful impression made on the minds of every one by that memorable victory. It was the joyful annunciation of that turn of the tide of success which terminated the Revolutionary War, with the seal of our independence.”
On October 7th, 1930, upon the sesquicentennial anniversary of the Battle of Kings Mountain, President Herbert Hoover proclaimed: "Here less than a thousand men, inspired by the urge of freedom, defeated a superior force.... This small band of patriots turned back a dangerous invasion well-designed to separate and dismember the united colonies. It was a small army and a little battle, but it was of mighty portent. History has done scant justice to its significance, which rightly should place it beside Lexington and Bunker Hill, Trenton and Yorktown, as one of the crucial engagements in our long struggle for independence." Hoover was the first President of the United States to visit a Revolutionary War battlefield in the South. His words were broadcast by radio coast-to-coast in the United States—and to Great Britain. Within a year of his visit, Congress established Kings Mountain National Military Park.
And, let us not forget Theodore Roosevelt’s assessment of the Battle in his history, The Winning of the West, "This brilliant victory marked the turning point of the American Revolution."
If, indeed, the Battle of Kings Mountain marked the turning point of the American Revolution, let us take this opportunity to honor those men who fought at this battle. Thomas Jefferson, Herbert Hoover, and Theodore Roosevelt recognized the sacrifices these 900 Patriot frontiersmen made to protect Home and Country. As we celebrate the 231st Anniversary of the Battle of Kings Mountain, let us honor these Overmountain Men and their Spirit of Independence who fought for our liberty in this backcountry of our Nation and won for us “our seal for independence.”
Songs and Ballads
with notes and illustrations
"More solid things do not shew the complexion of the Times so well, as Ballads and Libels." Belden.
D. Appleton & Company, 346 & 348 Broadway
London: 16 Little Britain
ENTERED, according to Act of Congress, in the year 1855, by D. Appleton & Company, in the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the United States for the Southern District of New York
THIS volume presents a selection from the numerous productions in verse, which appeared during the war of the American Revolution. Many of them are taken from the newspapers and periodical issues of the time; others from original ballad sheets and broadsides; while some have been received from the recollections of a few surviving soldiers, who heard and sang them amid the trials of the camp and field.
The success of the Americans at King's Mountain, over the forces of Ferguson and Depuyster, has been the subject of numerous ballads. The one subjoined was written a short time after the action, and published on a small sheet, the following year.
BATTLE OF KING'S MOUNTAIN
'TWAS on a pleasant mountain
The Tory heathens lay;
With a doughty major at their head,
One Ferguson they say.
Cornwallis had detach'd him,
A thieving for to go,
And catch the Carolina men,
Or bring the rebels low.
The scamp had rang'd the country
In search of royal aid,
And with his owls, perchèd on high,
He taught them all his trade.
But ah ! that fatal morning,
When Shelby brave drew near !
'Tis certainly a warning
That ministers should hear.
And Campbell, and Cleveland,
And Colonel Sevier,
Each with a band of gallant men,
To Ferguson appear.
Just as the sun was setting
Behind the western hills,
Just then our trusty rifles sent
A dose of leaden pills.
Up, up the steep together
Brave Williams led his troop,
And join'd by Winston, bold and true,
Disturb'd the Tory coop.
The royal slaves, the royal owls,
Flew high on every hand;
But soon they settled - gave a howl,
And quarter'd to Cleveland.
I would not tell the number
Of Tories slain that day,
But surely it is certain
That none did run away.
For all that were a living,
Were happy to give up;
So let us make thanksgiving,
And pass the bright tin-cup.
To all the brave regiments,
Let's toast 'em for their health,
And may our good country
Have quietude and wealth.
National Society Daughters of the American Revolution
North Carolina Society Children of the American Revolution
North Carolina Society Sons of the American Revolution
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