The topics are varied and the responses are energetic so much that I'm sorry to have been absent.
When we, Americans, talk about taxation, it used to mean the Constitution mandated the Congress (beginning in the House of Representatives) to generate just enough taxation to cover current expenses and debt retirement. Though the above process began to be circumvented almost a century ago under Woodrow Wilson (D), it really began to run away from the Constitution under Franklin D. Roosevelt (D), John F. Kennedy (D) and Lyndon B. Johnson (D).
The original promise of the big government liars was that the graduated income tax would not go above 3%. Hah! So, soon the income tax will be 39%, inheritance at 50% and the top 50% of payers will still pay some 86% of the bill. The max under Eisenhower may have been 75%, but the Congress was often controlled by Demorats and business and personal deductions were more numerous under the then-agreed-upon social engineering tax policy.
As far as cheating is concerned, may I add that most Americans, at least those adhering to Judeo-Christian morality, will pay their fair share as long as they feel it is fair. As to those NOT adhering to Judeo-Christian morality, well, as we all know, anything goes. As income tax rates, the number of taxes and fees and the amount of fines and regulatory costs all increase, the urge to cheat increases.
Talk about cheating, let's look at the bottom of our economic ladder. How much tax money is given to the poor and downtrodden? The Federal "earned-income" tax credit sends cash to a certain percentage of citizens and soon, to a certain number of criminal aliens who will, naturally, vote for the Demorat gift-givers. We have the child welfare recipients for whom it is difficult to have a man in the house and for whom the benefit for children increases as does the number of them. And food stamps. And Medic-Aid. And foster-child care programs for the deposit of out-of-wedlock kiddies, etc.Cash is king in the bottom stratum for sure!
Moron cheating: I still collect and pay sales tax for a couple of states. Cheating is really low because there is little incentive. Businesses have figured out how to compete in the market place to make a profit given the current tax structure. Crony Capitalists have learned to cheat the system by giving large amounts of cash to politicians. Add the VAT, and the US will have further economic down trends and cheating will go up as people figure out how to. My fair tax is 10% (Caesar's alottment).
Even JFK (D) learned lower income tax rates generated more tax revenues. People kept more of their earned income and so worked harder/smarter. The Patent System actually worked. Higher taxes means hard work has reduced benefit and incentive. My fair tax is 10% (Caesar's alottment) and my debt reduction is a 1% real cut in total gov't spending in each of the next 6 years (the penny plan).
Don and many others have found working in academia (publish or perish) to be a gold mine of pay and benefit increases. Thank you, Jimmy F. Carter and your Dept. of mal-Education. After its creation, pay to "faculty", tuition to students and student loan debt soared in a market distortion due to Federal Government trying to fix a problem that did not exist except in the minds of Socialist social engineers. How does American education rank in the world? Seventeenth of fifty and (2014) $883billion for 54,876,000 public school kiddies or about $16,090.82 per kiddie. (Source: edreform.com/2014/09/k-12-facts)
And, for Becky: Please note, many have noticed that "Global Warming" has transformed into "Global Climate Change." Warming went away because there has been no warming in 20 years. Check out how much moolah Al Gore will "earn" when carbon taxes and credits really go into effect. As for "change," it has always been with us. Four billion years ago, the surface temperature was about 200F, the oceans full of iron and acid, the atmospheric pressure was 2-3 times today's, and CO2 content was very high. With plate movement (tectonics were not even known twenty or so years ago), the plentiful organic matter now under northern polar water and ice turned to crude oil and gas. With the numerous ice ages of varying severity since, the temps as registered in the Antarctic ice cores have changed dramatically.
Knowledge is power. Rushing to judgement is always costly. And, as my friend, George Santayana, wrote in 1905, "Progresss, far from consisting in change, depends upon retentiveness...Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it." And, oh, the pain, the pain.